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Who does it?

Strategic Communication – Who does it?

U.S GOVERNMENT

  • NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL
    • Deputy National Security Advisor for Strategic Communication (DNSA/SC)
    • Senior Director for Global Engagement – Deputy to DNSA/SC
    • Both co-chair the Global Engagement and Strategic Communication Interagency Policy Committee (IPC)
  • INTERAGENCY BODIES:
    • Reporting to DOS Undersecretary for PD and PA
    • Global Strategic Engagement Center: operationalizes decision of the IPC
    • Center for Strategic Counterterrorism Communications (CSCC)
    • Defense Support to Public Diplomacy: DOD efforts to support DOS, usually initiated by a direct request from an embassy.
  • Department of the Treasury
  • Department of Justice 
  • Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) 
  • DEPARTMENT OF STATE (DOS)
  • Undersecretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
  • The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA)
  • The Bureau of International Information Programs (IIP)
  • The Bureau of Public Affairs (PA)
  • The Office of Policy, Planning and Resources (R/PPR)
  • The Office of Private Sector Outreach (R/PSO)  ECA, IIP, and PA are the main venues for public-diplomacy efforts.  These bureaus engage with, but have no authority over, the functional and regional bureaus within the DOS, in coordinating and integrating policy, communication, and objectives.  The functional and regional bureaus constitute the traditional core of DOS.  R/PRP “provides long-term strategic planning and performance measurement capability for public diplomacy and public affairs programs.”
  • DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (D0D)
    • Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy (OUSD[P]) http://policy.defense.gov/
      • Senior Advisor for Global Strategic Engagement
        • Global Strategic Engagement Team (GSET)
        • Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations/low intensity conflict and interdependent Capabilities (ASD [SO/LIC&IC]) : coordinates and oversees implementation and development of policy specific to countering violent extremism and works in close concert with GSET.
    • Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs (OUSD[PA]): http://policy.defense.gov/solic/
      • ASD [PA]: advisor and principal staff assistant for all communication activities to the SecDef.
      • Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (joint communication) (DASD[JC]) http://www.defense.gov/osd/
      • Office of Communication Planning and Integration
      • Joint Forces Command-based Joint Public Affairs Support Element (JPASE)
    • Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence (OUSD[I]): http://www.defense.gov/bios/biographydetail.aspx?biographyid=178
      • USD [I] serves as principal advisor to the SecDef for Information Operations (IO).
    • Joint Staff: provides planning guidance with relevance to SC to the Combatant Commands (COCOMs) and reviews the SC aspects of their operations and contingency planning documents.
    • DOD-wide:
      • Global Engagement Strategy Coordinating Committee (GESCC)
  • Joint Chiefs of Staff
    • OPERATING FORCES, Military Information Support Operations (MISO, formerly Psychological Operations, PSYOP, known as PSYOP/MISO: “information for effect.”  Roles include:http://www.psywarrior.com/psyop.html Influence foreign populations, Advise the commander, Provide public information, Serve as the supported commander’s voice, Counter enemy propaganda, misinformation, disinformation, and opposing information.
      • Army Psychological Operations Group (POG), 4th POG (about 1,300 personnel)
        • PoG’s Strategic Studies Detachment (SSD) – includes civilian personnel
        • Military Information Support Teams (MIST) – temporary postings to embassies
        • Two Army Reserve POGs, 2nd and 7th POG (about 2,600 personnel)
        • One Special Operations wing (SOW), the 19th SOW (six aircraft and crews)
      • Information Operations (IO): staff officers at all levels of the defense hierarchy
    • COCOMS: major regional or functional commands headed by a four-star flag or general officer.
      • Geographic Combatant Commanders have responsibility for all operations within their Area of Responsibility (AOR), including SC.
      • Pacific Command (PACOM) http://www.pacom.mil/
        • Communication Integration Working Group (CIWG)
      • European Command (EUCOM) http://www.eucom.mil/
        • Strategic Communication Working Group (SCWG)
      • VOICE programs: contain specific long-term communication and influence objectives, most aimed at countering violent extremism.
  • BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS (BBG): independent government agency http://www.bbg.gov/
  • UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID) http://www.usaid.gov/

OTHER

  • Global Initiative on Culture and Society, Aspen Institute
  • The Public Diplomacy Council is a nonprofit organization committed to the importance of the academic study, professional practice, and responsible advocacy of public diplomacy. Its members believe that understanding, informing, and influencing foreign publics and dialogue between Americans and United States’ institutions and their counterparts abroad are vital to the national interest and core elements of 21st century American diplomacy.

RELEVANT AUTHORIZING AND EXPLANATORY DOCUMENTS

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